Selon le Conseil des Jeux du Canada (CJC), toute personne impliquée dans le sport a le droit d’évoluer dans un environnement sécuritaire et inclusif, exempt d’abus, de harcèlement et de discrimination.
Le CJC s’engage à offrir un environnement sain et sécuritaire dans le cadre de ses programmes, activités et événements. Il prône l’égalité des chances, interdit les pratiques discriminatoires et se fait un point d’honneur d’offrir un environnement inclusif exempt d’abus, de harcèlement et de discrimination. Cela signifie aussi donner accès aux services d’un tiers indépendant.
Pour connaître les normes en vigueur, visitez la page regroupant nos politiques de sécurité dans le sport
Le tiers indépendant est un point de contact intermédiaire pour les personnes souhaitant déposer une plainte suivant les dispositions du Code de conduite ou d’une politique du Conseil des Jeux du Canada (CJC).
L’existence du tiers, cela dit, n’empêche pas les personnes de déposer leur plainte directement au CJC, a leur convenance.
Le tiers indépendant du CJC est Lise Maclean, enquêteuse certifiée en milieu de travail. Elle saura vous accompagner à travers le processus de plainte et/ou explorer avec vous d’autres avenues. Vous pouvez lui écrire à firstname.lastname@example.org.
Le mandat du tiers indépendant comprend, notamment :
la réception des plaintes, allégations et préoccupations à l’égard de possibles violations des politiques du CJC en matière d’abus, de harcèlement et de discrimination;
le traitement initial de la plainte, pour déterminer si elle justifie une enquête ou toute autre mesure;
la prise de contact avec le plaignant pour en savoir plus sur la situation (autant que possible dans les 24 heures suivant le dépôt de la plainte);
l’examen préliminaire de la situation, dont les conclusions peuvent varier :
référer le plaignant à la police ou aux services de protection de l’enfance,
référer le plaignant à la société hôtesse concernée,
recommander d’autres procédures ou appels,
proposer d’autres solutions de consultation ou de soutien,
outiller le plaignant pour qu’il puisse remédier lui-même à la situation,
aider le plaignant à déposer une plainte officielle,
recommander que le CJC fasse enquête et communiquer avec l’enquêteur approprié,
explorer d’autres voies de résolution, dont le règlement à l’amiable,
recommander toute autre solution, le cas échéant;
la protection de la confidentialité, afin d’éviter que quiconque en possible situation de conflit d’intérêts dans l’organisation ne découvre l’objet de la plainte, l’identité du plaignant ou celle de la personne visée;
l’éventuelle notification au président-directeur général et/ou aux administrateurs de la réception d’une plainte, ou de la nécessité d’une enquête, le tout en préservant l’anonymat des personnes concernées et en évitant toute situation de conflit d’intérêts;
le respect de l’autorité qui lui est conférée clairement dans le cadre d’une enquête, par exemple :
recommander un enquêteur,
faciliter le recrutement d’un enquêteur,
recevoir copie du rapport d’enquête complet, favoriser le respect des recommandations formulées dans le rapport, dont l’adoption de sanctions, et superviser les étapes subséquentes selon les politiques applicables;
le respect des normes les plus élevées en matière de confidentialité, dans la mesure permise par la loi et les politiques applicables.
Canadian Sport promises to contribute to the physical, psychological, social, and spiritual health of individuals of varying abilities, backgrounds and interests, and contributes to societal engagement and pride. The Physical Activity and Sport Act states that: “The Government of Canada’s policy regarding sport is founded on the highest ethical standards and values, including [...] the treatment of all persons with fairness and respect, the full and fair participation of all persons in sport and the fair, equitable, transparent and timely resolution of disputes in sport.” 1
Only when sport environments are safe and inclusive can these values be realized. Individuals should have the reasonable expectation when they participate in sport in Canada that it will bein an environment that is accessible, inclusive, respects their personal goals and is free from all forms of Maltreatment.
Maltreatment is unacceptable and fundamentally incompatible with the core values that lie atthe heart of Canadian sport as indicated in the Canadian Sport Policy, including being values-based, inclusive, technically sound, collaborative, intentional and effective.
The following principles will guide the determination of Maltreatment and imposition of sanctions:
[Comment to Section 1.2: Evidence or “proof” of maltreatment may include the words/report of a complainant if found credible by the relevant authorities. Depending upon the nature of the Maltreatment, physical evidence, corroboration or third-party verification may not be needed.]
Following the Safe Sport Working Group’s consensus statements and the Pan-Canadian consultation held from March to May 2019, all parties and organizations committed to the goal of Safe Sport have agreed that Maltreatment has no place in Canadian sport and, when present, must be sanctioned appropriately. The commitments expressed below reflect this common understanding amongst Canadian sport stakeholders:
Athlete: An individual who is a member, registrant or license holder of a sport organization subject to the Universal Code of Conduct to Prevent and Address Maltreatment in Sport (UCCMS). [Note: The UCCMS (when fully drafted and implemented) will set out in detail how jurisdiction overvarious groups of individuals, including Athletes, will be acquired.]
Complaint: A Participant or observer who makes a report of an incident of Maltreatment or suspicions of an incident of Maltreatment.
Consent by a Person over the Age of Majority: Consent is defined in Canada’s Criminal Code as the voluntary agreement to engage in the sexual activity in question. The law focuses on what the person was actually thinking and feeling at the time of the sexual activity. Sexual touching is only lawful if the person affirmatively communicated their consent, whether through words orconduct. Silence or passivity does not equal consent. Sexual activity is only legal when both parties consent. The Criminal Code also says there is no consent when: Someone says or does something that shows they are not consenting to an activity; Someone says or does something to show they are not agreeing to continue an activity that has already started; Someone is incapable of consenting to the activity, because, for example, they are unconscious; The consentis a result of a someone abusing a position of trust, power or authority or someone consents onsomeone else’s behalf. A person cannot say they mistakenly believed a person was consentingif: that belief is based on their own intoxication; they were reckless about whether the personwas consenting; they chose to ignore things that would tell them there was a lack of consent; orthey didn’t take proper steps to check if there was consent.2 For further information, please seethe comment below.
Sexual activity with a minor is a criminal offence as is sexual activity with a person under the ageof 18 years when the other person is in a position of trust or authority.
[Comment to Consent: The responsibility for ensuring there is consent is on the person who is initiating or pursuingthe sexual activity. When someone has said no to sexual contact, the other person cannot rely on the fact that timehas passed or the fact that the individual has not said no again to assume that consent now exists. No one canlegally consent in advance to sexual activity in the future when they will be unconscious. No one can legally consentto activity where they will suffer bodily harm, such as activity that will cause serious bruises, stitches or brokenbones. It is a criminal offence to engage in sexual activity with a child, as a child is unable to consent.]
Disclosure: The sharing of information by a Participant regarding an incident or a pattern of Maltreatment experienced by that Participant. Disclosure does not constitute a formal report that initiates a process of investigation to address the Maltreatment.
Duty to Report under Child Protection Legislation: A legal duty to report is mandated by law, and the requirement varies by province depending on provincial legislation. Everyone has a duty toreport child abuse and neglect under Canadian child welfare laws. Professionals who work with children and youth have an added responsibility to report. Adults are obliged to report child Maltreatment if there is knowledge or suspicion that it is occurring. This is called the “duty to report.” Every person in Canada has the duty to report known or suspected child Maltreatment by law. Known or suspected abuse or Neglect of a child must be reported to: local child welfare services (e.g., children’s aid society or child and family services agency), or provincial/territorial social service ministries or departments, or local police.
Duty to Report Concerns Outside of Child Protection Legislation: Participants have a duty to report concerns of inappropriate conduct of other Participants to uphold the ethical standards and values of Canadian sport. Reporting inappropriate conduct is important to ensure proper action is taken and expectations are re-established. By addressing inappropriate conduct, a collective responsibility to protect Participants from Maltreatment is enacted.
Grooming: Deliberate conduct by a Participant to sexualize a relationship with a Minor that involves the gradual blurring of boundaries and normalization of inappropriate and sexually abusive behaviour. During the grooming process, the Participant will gain the trust of the Minor and protective adults and peers around the Minor often under the guise of an existing relationship. Manipulation tactics are then used to blur perceptions and gain further access to and private time with the Minor in order to abuse or exploit the Minor. Grooming can occur whether or not harm is intended or results from the behaviour. 3
Minor: An individual who is under the age of majority at the time and in the jurisdiction where the alleged Maltreatment occurred. It is the responsibility of the adult to know the age of a minor. 4
Comment to Minor: The following table illustrates the definition of a child for the purposes of protection in eachprovince and territory at the time of writing this UCCMS. Please check your local jurisdiction for potential changes.
Note: Children with disabilities are eligible for protective services until age 19.
Maltreatment: Volitional acts that result in harm or the potential for physical or psychological harm. 5 Any of the various prohibited behaviours and conduct described in Section 2.0.
Neglect: Any pattern or a single serious incident of lack of reasonable care, inattention to a Participant’s needs, nurturing or well-being, or omissions in care. Neglect is determined by the objective behaviour but the behaviour must be evaluated with consideration given to the Participant’s needs and requirements, not whether harm is intended or results from the behaviour. 6
Participant: Every individual who is subject to the UCCMS. [Note: Participants may become subject tothe UCCMS by various means. Athletes through membership in an adopting sport organization and coaches, volunteers, doctors, trainers, administrators, directors, etc. by signing an expresscontract accepting the jurisdiction of the UCCMS.]
Physical Maltreatment: Any pattern or a single serious incident of deliberate conduct that has thepotential to be harmful to the physical well-being of the Participant. Physical Maltreatment includes, without limitation, contact or non-contact infliction of physical harm. Physical Maltreatment is determined by the objective behaviour, not whether harm is intended or results from the behaviour. 7
Power Imbalance: A Power Imbalance may exist where, based on the totality of the circumstances, a Participant has supervisory, evaluative, a duty of care, or other authority over another Participant. A Power Imbalance may also exist between an Athlete and other adults involved in sport in positions such as high-performance directors, sport specific health-care providers, sport science support staff, care or support persons, guides or pilots. Maltreatment occurs when this power is misused.
Once a coach-Athlete relationship is established, a Power Imbalance is presumed to exist throughout the coach-Athlete relationship, regardless of age, and is presumed to continue for Minor Athletes after the coach-Athlete relationship terminates or until the Athlete reaches 25 years of age.
A Power Imbalance may exist, but is not presumed, where an intimate relationship existed before the sport relationship commenced (e.g., a relationship between two spouses or life partners, or a sexual relationship between consenting adults that preceded the sport relationship).
[Comment to Power Imbalance: A Power Imbalance may arise whether the Participants are in 1) an authority-based relationship in which one person has power over another by virtue of an ascribed position of authority, such as between high performance director and coach; employer and employee; technical official and Athlete; 2) a dependency relationship in which the person in a position of lesser power is dependent upon the other person for asense of security, safety, trust, and fulfillment of needs, conducive to intimate physical or psychological connections, such as between parent and child; teacher and student; coach and Athlete; high performance directorand Athlete, sport science and medical support staff and Athlete; billet or host family and Athlete; and 3) a peer-to-peer relationship, including but not limited to teammate-teammate, athlete-athlete, coach-coach or official-official relationships. Power may be represented by seniority, ability, physical size, public profile, gender identity or expression, sexual orientation, ethno-racial identity, level of physical and intellectual disability, and their intersections, as some examples. Maltreatment occurs when this power is misused. Moreover, it is recognized that those from traditionally marginalized groups have experienced positions of lesser power.]
Psychological Maltreatment: Any pattern or a single serious incident of deliberate conduct that has thepotential to be harmful to the psychological well-being of the Participant. Psychological Maltreatment includes, without limitation, verbal conduct, non-assaultive physical conduct, and conduct that denies attention or support. Psychological Maltreatment is determined by the objective behaviour, not whether harm is intended or results from the behaviour. 8
Reporting (or Report): The provision of information in writing by any person or a Participant to arelevant independent authority (the independent person or position charged with receiving areport and determining next steps) regarding Maltreatment. Reporting may occur through either: (i) the Complainant (of any age) or the one who experienced the Maltreatment, or (ii) awitness – someone who witnessed the Maltreatment or otherwise knows or suspects Maltreatment. In either case, the intention of Reporting is to initiate an independent investigative process, which could result in disciplinary action being taken against the Respondent.
Respondent: A Participant who is alleged to have engaged in Maltreatment and thereby to have violated the UCCMS.
Sexual Maltreatment involving a Child: Any form of adult/child sexualized interaction constitutes child sexual abuse. Sexual abuse of a child may occur through behaviours that do or do not involve actual physical contact. 9
Sexual Maltreatment involving a person over the Age of Majority: Any sexual act, whether physical or psychological in nature, that is committed, threatened, or attempted against a Participant without the Participant’s Consent. It includes any act targeting a Participant’s sexuality, gender identity or expression, that is committed, threatened or attempted against a Participant without that Participant’s Consent, and includes but is not limited to, the Criminal Code Offences of sexual assault, sexual exploitation, sexual interference, invitation to sexual touching, indecent exposure, voyeurism and non-consensual distribution of sexual/intimate images. Sexual Maltreatment also includes sexual harassment and stalking, cyber harassment, and cyber stalking of a sexual nature. Sexual Maltreatment can take place through any form or means of communication (e.g. online, social media, verbal, written, visual, hazing, or through a third party).
Scope of Application
In addition to any temporary or provisional measure that may be imposed, where there is sufficient evidence to support a finding that a Participant engaged in Maltreatment and thus violated the UCCMS, sanctions will be imposed. Different incidents constituting a violation of the same part of the UCCMS may arise out of markedly different circumstances, including various case-specific aggravating and/or mitigating factors.
[Note: Precisely how (and by whom) it will be determined that there is “sufficient evidence” will be finalized when the operational and implementation details for the UCCMS are designed.]
Any sanction imposed against a Participant must be proportionate and reasonable, relative to the Maltreatment that has occurred, taking into account previous disciplinary actions. However, progressive discipline is not required as a single occurrence of Maltreatment can lead to a very significant sanction.
Subject to Section 3.3, if Maltreatment is proven one or more of the following sanctions may be imposed:
In addition to the publication of a summary of the final outcome of a UCCMS resolution process, a publicly-available searchable database or Registry of Respondents who have been sanctioned by or whose eligibility to participate in sport has in some way been restricted shall be maintained, pursuant to the provisions contained in the UCCMS. [Note: Whether all sanctions shall be summarized and publicly disclosed (e.g. including a verbal warning or an educational update) and precisely how a record shall be maintained of every sanction outcome imposed on each Respondent has yet to be designed. These details will be included in the UCCMS. The objective is that all sanctions must be tracked so that sport stakeholders will know (i) who has breached the UCCMS and (ii) which Respondents are ineligible tobe involved in sport.]
Le Conseil des Jeux du Canada appuie pleinement l’engagement du gouvernement du Canada et du Centre de règlement des différends sportifs du Canada (CRDSC) afin de s’assurer que les sportifs canadiens de tous les niveaux compétitionnent dans un environnement accueillant et sécuritaire. Êtes-vous au fait d’un présumé incident d’abus, de harcèlement, de discrimination ou d’intimidation? Avez-vous des questions et/ou des préoccupations au sujet de cet incident?
Please visit the Canadian Sport Helpline for more information.
To see CAC's Safe Sport Training, go to: https://safesport.coach.ca/